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Jumper’s knee, also known as patella tendonitis, is usually an injury that affects athletes and sportspeople where there is a demand to run and jump. The condition develops as a result of overuse, but can also be caused by a poor landing, exacerbating an already existing condition or a biomechanical problem, such as a loose kneecap or rolling inward foot.

There are two forms of jumper’s knee: patella tendonitis refers to the inflammation of the tendon while patella tendinopathy is the wearing away of the tendon due to overuse. Both conditions are closely linked and can cause serious problems if left untreated. Ignoring an injury results in the condition worsening, making it more difficult to treat the injury.

Symptoms of Jumper’s Knee

The most obvious symptom is pain in the knee, usually located at the bottom of the kneecap. Other symptoms include:

  • Fluid retention
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Discomfort

Pain is usually graded from one to four by patients with one meaning mild discomfort while four means constant pain and limited mobility.

Treatment

The treatment you receive depends on the severity of your injury and the level of activity you wish to return to following a full recovery. For those suffering greatly, surgery may be necessary. For those with an intensive lifestyle, an extensive programme of strengthening exercises may be required. While for those who wish to just get better may undergo a gentler programme with the focus on resting the joint.

If handled correctly and instructions followed fully, a full recovery can be made in a reasonable time frame.

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