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Pain in one of the knees is usually a result of overusing or injuring it. Pain can be measured from mild to serious with many cases not needing medical attention to rest and care at home. Due to the vulnerability of the knee joint, there are many ways an injury can happen; however, they are more common amongst older people, those who are overweight and those who do a lot of sport.

Anatomical Drawing of the Human Knee

Common conditions associated with the knee joint include:

Treatment

As we have already discussed, treatment for knee pain can be taken care of at home. This is by using the RICE method:

  • Rest - Making sure to do less than usual to feel the full effect of resting.
  • Ice - Using ice packs or ice wrapped in a towel for 15 minutes can reduce inflammation and swelling.
  • Compression - Using bandages or a brace limits swelling.
  • Elevation - Keeping your knee raised above the level of your heart can reduce swelling too.
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

If your knee pain is debilitating or is preventing you from staying mobile, you should make an appointment with your GP. They will exam your knee and arrange further tests, such as blood tests, an X-ray or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, to discover the problem. Then, depending on the damage, treatment can include physical therapy, movement therapy, surgery or medication.

Useful Links

  • www.painconcern.org.uk: Expert explanations about where pain comes from, what it is and how pain becomes a condition in its own right.
  • www.paintoolkit.org: For people who live with persistent pain and Healthcare teams who support them.
  • Oxford Knee Score Evaluation Test: The Oxford Knee Score assessment can help you understand the level of pain you are experiencing through 12 questions regarding your daily living.
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