© 2017 OA Knee Pain. All Rights Reserved.

Nutrition

If you are suffering from OA, it is important that you manage and maintain a healthy lifestyle. This can be achieved by exercising regularly, losing weight and eating a well-balanced diet and will help to reduce the symptoms that prevent yo from going about your daily life.

Why should you lose weight?

It’s not just about lightening the load on your joints when it comes to losing weight, as fat is known to produce hormones and chemicals that increase inflammation, which produces free radicals. These cell-damaging molecules attack the synovial membrane in a joint, reducing the cartilage in between the two bones.

Here are some tips on how to create a suitable diet plan:

  • Don’t eat empty carbs, e.g. sugar
  • Increase intake of ‘good’ fatty acids, e.g. Omega-3
  • Cut down on alcohol
  • Only eat small amounts of sugary foods
  • Don’t eat crisps or any related snacks
  • Don’t eat deep-fried food
  • Reduce intake of meat
  • Use fat-reduced dairy products
  • Eat more fresh fruit and vegetables

Your Body Mass Index (BMI) can be a quick and easy way to determine whether or not you are a healthy weight. The BMI is calculated using your age, height, weight and activity levels and should sit between 18.5 and 24.9 to be considered in the healthy weight range according to the NHS guidelines. While the BMI only takes in to account a small number of variables, it is a good indicator for you to understand more about your weight and if your health could benefit from losing some. You can calculate your BMI using the NHS tool below.

content provided by NHS Choices

Examples of good foods

It can be difficult to find the right balance of healthy foods, and typically to find foods which are both healthy and appealing.

When it comes to finding the right foods you should focus on the following areas:

  • Vitamins
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids
  • Spices
  • Antioxidants

Vitamins

Vitamins C and D are known to improve cartilage development and maintenance. Vitamin C strengthens cartilage and reduces the symptoms associated with OA, while vitamin D helps prevent cartilage from breaking down, therefore protecting the space between bones from causing irritation.

Types of food containing vitamin C:

  • Tropical and citrus fruits
  • Cantaloupe
  • Strawberries and raspberries
  • Kiwi
  • Cauliflower, broccoli and kale
  • Capsicum peppers
  • Tomatoes

Types of food rich in vitamin D:

  • Breakfast cereals
  • Seafood
  • Fortified milk
  • Yoghurt
  • Eggs
  • Orange juice
  • Tofu
Nutrition - Diet For Osteoarthritis - OA Knee Pain Vitamin C and D are known to improve cartilage development and maintenance

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are a must in the diet of an OA sufferer as they work to decrease inflammation by suppressing chemicals that break down cartilage. The fatty acid (Eicosapentaenoic) is present in many kinds of fish, including salmon, herring, mackerel and sardines, as well as walnuts, flaxseed and linseed.

It is recommended to ingest 300 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid per day. This can be achieved by eating just one herring a week.

Due to the types of food containing Omega-3, it can be difficult to include these regularly in your diet, so you may have to take supplements instead.

Nutrition - OA Diet - OA Knee Pain Omega-3 fatty acids are a must in the diet of an OA sufferer

Spices

There are some spices that are known to have anti-inflammatory effects – ginger and turmeric are particularly potent.

Nutrition - Diet For OA - OA Knee Pain Some spices that are known to have anti-inflammatory effects

Antioxidants

Beta-carotene and bioflavonoids, such as quercetin and anthocyanins, are powerful antioxidants that help to protect the body by destroying free radicals before they cause damage to cartilage in joints.

Sources of beta-carotene include carrots, kale, broccoli, sweet potato, tomatoes, asparagus, spinach and Brussels sprouts.

Bioflavonoids can be found in onions, leeks, kale, broccoli, green tea, blueberries and cherry tomatoes.

Staying Active

As recommended by international OA guidelines, there is a lot you can do to support your affected joints.

Physical activity will strengthen your muscle, stabilise your knee joint and keep your cartilage hydrated and not to mention keeping you fit, healthy and help you to lose weight.

These sports are recommended for sufferers of both knee and hip osteoarthritis:

  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Swimming
  • Water gymnastics
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Thai-Chi
  • Yoga

There are also special exercises for osteoarthritis sufferers that stabilise your knee and keep it flexible.

In order to protect your knee it is advisable to stay clear of the following sports due to the stress they place on the affected joints:

  • Squash
  • Basketball
  • Tennis
  • Downhill skiing

Useful Links

You may find the following links to medical research and studies useful:

How would you rate the information on this page? (Your feedback is greatly appreciated)

Sign up to the OA Knee Pain newsletter

OA Knee Pain Social Board

Bringing you the latest news, research and treatment breakthroughs from the world of osteoarthritis

Visit our blog

Filter
  • twitter
  • blog
#

Why is it important to focus on multiple treatment options simultaneously?


Because there is no stand-out, totally effective single treatment for osteoarthritis, people with the condition often find it best to put together a personal portfolio of treatments that will work together to help relieve pain and improve mobility. The combination that works for one person may not work for another, so it’s important to understand what’s available, how effective it is and whether it will help your personal condition.

#

What are the top 10 most common causes of osteoarthritis?


Osteoarthritis, or OA, is a degenerative joint condition that affects over 8 million people in the UK. This disease is the most common form of arthritis, and is particularly prevalent amongst the older population. Affecting the cartilage in a joint, osteoarthritis can result in pain, stiffness and reduced mobility.

#

National Arthritis Week 2017


The week commencing 9th October 2017 is National Arthritis Awareness week, a campaign run by Arthritis Research UK with the aim of raising awareness of Arthritis and the impact that is has on the UK.

Offloading knee braces have been a hot topic in the press recently but just how do they work? And can they help you… https://t.co/MqUNcwIbFK

#

Offloading knee braces in the press: How do they work? And can they help you?


Today (3rd October 2017) the Daily Express published an article in which Sharron Davies has spoken out about her knee pain and how an offloading brace has helped. “Sharron believes the brace has transformed her life and is keen for people to be more aware of their options if they are told they need a knee replacement.” With this sentiment in mind, and the fact that offloading knee braces have been the topic of discussion in a number of publications in recent weeks, OA Knee Pain has looked into the Unloader One® by Össur. This popular knee brace is worn by Sharron Davies and a number of other well known figures to help ease and manage knee pain.