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Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that can affect anyone.

Whilst there is no definitive root cause as to why some people get OA and some don’t, there are a number of contributing factors, which when combined can increase the likelihood of you experiencing the condition at some stage in your life.

A number of items identified as preventative measures are also considered treatment options in order to slow down the degradation of the knee joint and ultimately delay the need for surgery in the long term and these are:

  • Watching your weight
  • Eating the right foods
  • Keeping active
  • Wearing the right shoes

Watching your weight

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important full stop.

When considering the knee joint, the heavier you are the greater the stress imposed on the joint, which in time can have a negative effect. If you like running then these stresses are amplified. If you lose a few pounds then that is a few less pounds of stress on the knee joints.

Watching your weight can not only help your knee joints but your overall wellbeing, giving you more energy and helping you to feel fitter, healthier and ready for action.

To find out if you’re a healthy weight check out the NHS BMI Healthy Weight Calculator.

Prevention - Secondary Prevention - Exercise Class - OA Knee Pain Exercise will help you stay fit, healthy and also lose weight

Eating the right foods

This goes hand in hand with maintaining a healthy weight.

If you have a poor diet then it’s harder to maintain your weight, regardless of exercise, not to mention the impact on your body from eating things which don’t carry the necessary nutrients and vitamins.

Long term there is also a risk of experiencing diabetes, with the latest research suggesting it is a contributing factor of osteoarthritis.

When looking at the right foods you should focus on vitamin C and D, which are known to improve cartilage development, along with omega-3 and spices which can work to decrease inflammation.

For more information on selecting the right foods visit our nutrition page.

Prevention - Secondary Prevention - Nutrition - OA Knee Pain Eating the right food is important

Keeping active

It may sound counterintuitive when suffering from knee pain to be told to exercise but this releases endorphins into the body which act as natural painkillers.

When considering exercise as a preventative measure you can consider low impact sports whilst also working on strengthening exercises.

Running is a high impact activity, whereas swimming or cycling can still offer a great workout without putting as much strain on the knee joints.

The knee joint is extremely important but by strengthening the leg muscles you can reduce the strain on the joint itself. Working on your hamstrings and quads mean that these muscles will take some of the strain when you’re active to help reduce the stress on the knee. Yoga is also a great way of improving your flexibility.

There are a variety of exercises available from flexibility and stretching to aerobic to muscle strengthening available on our knee exercises page.

Prevention - Secondary Prevention - Keeping Active - OA Knee Pain Staying active will keep you healthy

Wearing the right shoes

Shoes can be a modifying factor when it comes to minimising pain and maximising your ability to get out and about and do things.

Wearing the wrong shoes can exacerbate problems that already exist and can cause complications and long term damage to a variety of joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments beyond the feet. Wearing the right shoes can eliminate or reduce foot pain, which also affects the body’s mobility and function.

For more information visit our footwear page.

The things mentioned above are not just things to consider to potentially avoid (or delay the onset of) osteoarthritis but things we should be doing anyway in order to look after our bodies.

For more information on getting started with a healthy lifestyle visit the NHS get fit for free pages.

Prevention - Secondary Prevention - Footwear - OA Knee Pain Selecting the right footwear is important
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​5 most important questions to ask your doctor about OA


We all experience aches and pains from time to time. Normally this isn’t a problem. However, when pains become regular they become a cause of concern. Recurring pain or discomfort in the joints may be indications of the onset of osteoarthritis – a condition which, as we age, gradually damages the surfaces of the joints so the joint doesn’t move as smoothly.

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​What are the best sources of vitamin C?


We all require vitamin C to maintain good health, and luckily, it's one of the easier vitamins for us to take in through our diets. Vitamin C is found in a huge variety of fruits and vegetables, meaning even the fussiest eaters should be able to find something to their taste. Vitamin C is beneficial to us in all kinds of ways, including helping to maintain our cartilage and blood vessels. It also helps our bodies create dopamine, ATP, tyrosine and peptide hormones. One of the things vitamin C is perhaps best known for is its antioxidant properties. It actually helps reduce oxidative stress to your body, and is even thought to help lower your risk of cancer. This is a pretty impressive list of benefits for a vitamin often given less attention than many others, in the media and health articles.

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​What to expect following knee replacement surgery


There are broadly two different types of knee replacement surgery. These are known as partial (sometimes called unilateral) knee replacement, and total or full knee replacement. You may also hear knee replacement being referred to as arthroplasty. Your surgeon will decide which option is best for you depending upon the state of your knee. Partial knee replacement is less invasive and involves less downtime, so if this is a possibility for you, your surgeon will always prefer to choose this option. However, partial knee replacements run a greater risk of the need for revision surgery, so your surgeon will carefully weigh this risk against the short-term benefits.

Treatments for Osteoarthtitis


It has been estimated that the number of people in the UK with osteoarthritis is around 8.75 million with almost half that figure suffering from knee OA. This means that a third of the population aged 45 and older have sought treatment for their condition.

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What are the long term effects of pharmaceuticals in managing osteoarthritis?


​Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects your joints. It is caused by everyday wear and tear rather than any specific immune condition, but it is still painful and can be debilitating. It is caused when the cartilage that covers and protects the ends of your bones, where they join, becomes roughened and thickened. The bone underneath the cartilage also thickens, as do the ligaments, the synovium (the inner layer of the joint capsule) and the capsule itself. Sometimes extra synovial fluid is produced, which causes the joint to swell.

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What are the long term effects of having knee replacement surgery?


Knee replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, involves replacing a damaged, diseased or worn knee joint with an artificial joint. It is an increasingly common surgery, with the majority of patients aged between 60 and 80. There are an increasing number of younger patients undergoing this surgical procedure, however, meaning that more and more people are dealing with the long-term effects.

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What are the top super foods to look out for in 2018?


Superfoods should be incorporated into your daily meals and snacks for optimum results, and should be treated as a regular part of your diet rather than just eaten occasionally when you're on a health kick. All the superfoods in this article are readily available, easy to cook, and complement a number of popular everyday dishes. There's no reason to change your eating habits in order to incorporate superfoods into your diet - most meals can benefit from the addition of one or two of the superfoods from our list.

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​What are the most popular treatment options for hip osteoarthritis?


Hip osteoarthritis is a condition that results in the degeneration of cartilage in the hip joint area. When cartilage is lost, friction increases and leads to pain and stiffness. The condition is fairly common and affects around 11% or the population over the age of 45. There is a range of treatment options available to sufferers. However, every treatment has its strengths and weaknesses, and these should be considered carefully.

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​Is surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee becoming less popular?


The pain of osteoarthritis of the knee can be almost unbearable, and as one of the most common forms of joint problems, it affects a huge number of patients every year. Eventually, when the knee joint becomes severely damaged, the only real solution is surgery, but there are plenty of options available to sufferers before reaching that point.