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Our focus is knee osteoarthritis

Due to an increasing number of people suffering with knee pain and being diagnosed with osteoarthritis, a network of expert organisations has teamed up to establish OA Knee Pain. Our aim is to provide help and guidance along with all the information you may need about the condition to help you understand diagnosis, treatment options and management.

Associations include:

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What Is Osteoarthritis - Radiating Knee Pain - OA Knee Pain

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease causing joints to wear down

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease also commonly referred to as arthrosis, osteoarthrosis or OA. The condition is caused by the protective fluid in the joint losing its shock absorbing abilities resulting in the bones rubbing against each other and the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones wearing down. Sufferers often experience pain, swelling and problems with mobility.

  • Stage 1: (Doubtful) Minimum disruption but sufferers experience a 10% loss of cartilage.
  • Stage 2 (Mild): Narrowing of the joint space with the cartilage beginning to breakdown and the occurrence of osteophytes (a bony projection associated with the degeneration of cartilage at joints).
  • Stage 3 (Moderate): Moderate joint-space reduction where the gaps in the cartilage can expand until they reach the bone.
  • Stage 4 (Severe): The joint-space is greatly reduced with around 60% loss of cartilage and large osteophytes.

Any joint in the body can be affected by OA but the most common damage is found in the knees, hips, lower back, neck, fingers and toes.

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What can be done?

Treatment will be determined by the joint affected and its severity


Supporting Charities

There are a range of organisations offering easy access to information about your condition

Who Can Help Me - Arthritis Care - OA Knee Pain


Arthritis Care is a UK registered charity that offers a range of support and services to help people manage arthritis and connect with other people who share a similar experience. The charity can offer support in person, online or on the phone and can put those living with arthritis in contact with other sufferers.

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Who Can Help Me - Arthritis Research UK - OA Knee Pain


Arthritis Research UK invests in breakthrough treatments, provides information and vital support for everyone affected by arthritis. Its work has already uncovered breakthrough treatments, and it is dedicated to uncovering new ideas to help people push back the ways arthritis limits their lives.

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Progressive technology is consistantly changing our lives, here we look at how robot technology can revolutionise total knee replacement surgery

Having the right cycling equipment for the job We’ve mentioned before how cycling is a great activity for those suffering from knee osteoarthritis as there is less impact on the joint and you get fitter, which in turn means losing weight and reducing the load further on the affected knee. For the perfect bike trip however, you will need to prepare well and have the right equipment to enjoy the open road. Start with preparing your bike Check your lights are fitted correctly and working.Check your brakes are working correctly and will be able to stop you at speed (if you need it)Oil the chain and ensure it runs smoothly on all gears. Check your tyres are inflated to the desired pressure (as indicated on the tyre). You should also take an air pump, a repair kit and tools as well as a secure lock with you.Take ample supplies with you including drinks, high energy food and a first aid kit. What clothing should I wear? As a cyclist, you should be wearing comfortable, weatherproof clothing – multi-layer style so you can add or remove clothing if you are too cold / too hot.If you’re riding in poor light, either at the start or the end of the day then you need to wear something bright so that other road users can see you and more importantly so that you stay on the right side of the law (the same applies to lighting). Choosing your route It is important to plan your trip in advance to ensure that it is suitable, given your level of cycling proficiency, fitness and equipment. Start off with a short route and then you can build up gradually to a longer route. There are some great apps available which allow you to search for cycle routes and then track your progress. For people suffering with OA of their knees, we would recommend avoiding very steep inclines and steep slopes Happy Cycling!

Discover the background of osteoarthritis treatment Osteoarthritis is one of the biggest causes of pain and misery in adults worldwide, affecting millions of mainly older people across the globe and costing governments and health providers billions of pounds. Overall, the condition - which is often abbreviated to OA - is estimated to affect more than 630 million people globally. More women than men are affected, and it is more likely to be seen in people over the age of 60 (though conditions can begin to materialise from 40 onwards). In the UK, around eight million adults have OA - nearly five million of whom have arthritis of the knee. What do the history books tell us? The word osteoarthritis was first used in the late 19th century, when modern medicine was beginning to be developed as a more advanced science; however, we know that the various forms of arthritis have been around for much, much longer. Evidence from literature, historical accounts, visual representations in books and paintings, analysis of skeletal remains of various ages and new understandings of the causes of arthritis mean we know that people have been suffering from the condition for as long as humans have been around.

The iliotibial band (ITB) is not a muscle but a thick band of connective tissue that stretches from the outside of the pelvis down past the knee joint to the outside of the shin bone (tibia). The ITB passes over the knee joint and so this can occur with other knee problems, such as issues with the cartilage. There is also a nerve that is called the peroneal nerve that passes very close to where the ITB inserts, and this too can be a source of symptoms in this area. So it is important to get an accurate diagnosis before thinking about what treatment is best.

Physical therapy is often a recommended part of managing knee osteoarthrtis but a study showed that Tai Chi was equally as helpful for knee OA.

When is knee replacement surgery offered or suggested for osteoarthritis? The worst cases of OA - those that are creating considerable pain or restricting a patient’s everyday activities more than is acceptable - could be referred for surgery. Today, hip and knee replacements are common and highly successful operations that improve the lives of thousands of people every year, who find their mobility vastly improved by the procedure. The first knee replacement was performed way back in 1968. Early artificial knees were made like hinges; therefore, they would not allow the knee to move in a natural way. Perhaps unsurprisingly, many artificial knees failed soon after surgery; as a result, surgeons tended to only perform them in older patients, where a second operation would not be required.Over the decades, the artificial knee joints have been greatly developed, with improvements in both techniques and the materials used meaning that knee implants are now routinely performed on younger patients. Constant developments and improvements mean both hip and knee replacements continue to become more effective; in addition, new, longer-lasting materials mean the operation no longer has to be repeated every ten years or so.

Immediately following injury it's important to adopt the RICE process of rest, ice, compression and elevation. But what next if there are no signs of improvement? Do you go to a physiotherapist or your doctor? http://bit.ly/2mTwN9e

Surgical options to manage osteoarthritis of the knee Surgery is often used in the most severe cases of osteoarthritis, though there are a number of surgical options available depending on the severity of the condition and the level of invasiveness a patient may wish to consider. Total Knee Replacement: The ends of the shin bone and the femur are 'capped' with either metal or plastic prostheses, which allows them to move against each other smoothly, to restore function to the knee. In the UK, there are over 70,000 knee replacement surgeries every year, a figure which is increasing steadily. Around four-fifths of the numbers are women, with the majority of patients over the age of 70. Partial Knee Replacement: Only replaces a section of the damaged joint, either the medial compartment (inner knee), the lateral compartment (outer knee) or the patellofemoral compartment at the front of the knee, where it joins the thigh bone. Knee Osteotomy: Introducing a small 'wedge' of bone, or artificial bone, to encourage weight to be forced onto the less damaged side of the joint. Done appropriately, the procedure is thought to postpone total knee replacement surgery for as long as another ten years. Knee Arthroscopy: Least invasive form of surgery to the knee. Also known as keyhole surgery, tiny incisions allow access to a flexible camera and surgical tools, with which the surgeon removes small, loose pieces of bone and cartilage that have been irritating the joint. Risks of knee surgery All surgery carries a degree of risk, and knee surgery is no exception. The best thing you can do is to read up on all options before making a decision to help find the best solution for you.

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​5 Things to ask your employer to improve your workplace


A healthy workplace environment is not just a right, but also a need. We spend a significant portion of our lives in offices, factories, service stations and more and when employers fail to deliver a healthy environment, employees and ex-employees can pay with their health for years to come.