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Written for OA Knee Pain by Registered Dietician Nichola Ludlam-Raine. Nichola works as an NHS, freelance and private dietician and has appeared on BBC breakfast a number of times to provide her expert opinion. Here she tells us about the top 10 lifestyle and healthy eating tips for before and after surgery.

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Surgery can be carried out any of the four ligaments, with each procedure slightly different.

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There are broadly two different types of knee replacement surgery. These are known as partial (sometimes called unilateral) knee replacement, and total or full knee replacement. You may also hear knee replacement being referred to as arthroplasty. Your surgeon will decide which option is best for you depending upon the state of your knee. Partial knee replacement is less invasive and involves less downtime, so if this is a possibility for you, your surgeon will always prefer to choose this option. However, partial knee replacements run a greater risk of the need for revision surgery, so your surgeon will carefully weigh this risk against the short-term benefits.

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Knee replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, involves replacing a damaged, diseased or worn knee joint with an artificial joint. It is an increasingly common surgery, with the majority of patients aged between 60 and 80. There are an increasing number of younger patients undergoing this surgical procedure, however, meaning that more and more people are dealing with the long-term effects.

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The pain of osteoarthritis of the knee can be almost unbearable, and as one of the most common forms of joint problems, it affects a huge number of patients every year. Eventually, when the knee joint becomes severely damaged, the only real solution is surgery, but there are plenty of options available to sufferers before reaching that point.

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The knee is a vital joint that enables movement and stability in the leg. If the health of the knee is affected and other treatments have not given relief, the entire joint may be replaced with surgery. It can take months to recover after this type of surgery, and it may even be a year before the knee has full strength and endurance, so it is not an operation to undergo lightly. However for those whose knees are worn, damaged or causing great pain, a knee replacement can give great relief.

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Hip osteoarthritis is a condition that affects around 11% of the UK population over the age of 45. It is caused by a loss of cartilage around the hip joint, and this results in pain, stiffness and reduced mobility. While age is the biggest factor in developing hip osteoarthritis, other factors such as being overweight or not taking enough exercise can also play a role. After someone has been diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis, hip replacement surgery might be prescribed. This procedure may sound drastic but is actually relatively straightforward and not as invasive as it sounds.

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All these options have different benefits and are suitable for different requirements and scenarios. A treatment that has been deemed suitable for your friend may be completely inappropriate for you as all treatment options are dependent entirely upon your unique medical circumstances (even your social circumstances).

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Arthritis pain can often be helped through a number of conservative treatments, although there is no way of curing the disease as yet. It can sometimes take a while to ascertain the most appropriate course of treatment, as every case is different. However, there are plenty of options to try before resorting to surgery. Many sufferers find that a combination of approaches can help to alleviate symptoms – by using painkillers and creams, for example.

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